2011
10.10

If you’re in a non-subscription licensing program with Microsoft, then I recommend that you purchase Software Assurance with your Hyper-V licensing (this is the Enterprise or Datacenter licenses that covers your host OS and VM guest OS requirements).

There’s 3 reasons:

Hyper-V Upgrades

Every new release of Windows Server brings new features.  We went from Windows Server 2008 with Quick Migration, to Windows Server 2008 R2 with Live Migration, CSV, and Dynamic Memory.  That was nothing compared to what’s coming next year in Windows Server 8 (2012).  And who knows what’ll come with Windows Server 8 (2012) R2!?!?  You will want those upgrades … because we always have wanted them so far.

Guest OS Availability

Maybe you’re happy with Windows Server 2003/R2 for most of your P2Vd VMs for the next 900 or so days of remaining extended support.  But at some point in the future:

  • You will want to start deploying new VMs with the newest version of Windows Server that hasn’t been released yet
  • You will want to upgrade/replace those legacy OS VMs

You could fall into the trap of thinking you can buy a few copies of Windows Server 8 Standard Edition for those few VMs on your Windows Server 2008 R2 cluster.  Yes – but it wouldn’t be legal.  That’s because you can only Live Migrate or Failover those VMs with the one-off licenses between different pieces of hardware once every 90 days.  Those once-off licenses are assigned to hardware, not to VMs.

To be able to deploy a new version of Windows Server than you bought for the cluster, you need to upgrade the licensing for the entire cluster.  You could go and re-spend all that money all over again.  But you would save a lot of money by buying Software Assurance.

Partner Opportunity

For those of you who sell software as a part of system integration/consulting services: you’d be a moron not to try to sell SA so you have a future upgrade project with your customer, and make available future opportunities to implement the newest features of the next version of Windows that could solve some problem the customer is having.

Windows Server 8 Hyper-V Replica, Veeam, Etc With Hosting Companies

If you replicate a VM from your licensed hosts to a hosting company of some sort using Hyper-V Replica (Windows Server 8) or one of the plethora of 3rd party alternatives, then you need to license the installation of Windows that is in each replica VM … even if it is powered off or locked in a replicating state.  Don’t bother with any of the usual “it’s not being used” or “it’s only being replicated” arguments … it needs a license so that’s that.

A benefit of Software Assurance is Cold Back-ups for Disaster Recovery.  This means that if you license your hosts (and thus your guest OSs if correctly licensed with Enterprise/Datacenter editions) with SA, then you get a benefit of licensing for the cold backup copy.  The alternative is to not buy SA for the host/guests and have to buy full licenses for the offline replicas.  This benefit allows your primary site to go offline and to power up the replicas during a catastrophic event.   You can do this without doing anything to activate the benefit or without communicating with Microsoft.

Conclusion

Long time readers know I’ve been critical of SA in the past.  There are times I recommend it, e.g. a customer wants Windows desktops and is considering looking at 3rd party encryption technology – Windows 7 Enterprise!  I believe that it makes sense to purchase SA with Windows Server when licensing for Hyper-V because of the real benefits of host/guest upgrade and offline replica rights.

6 comments so far

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  1. Our org has never really looked into SA before because we tended to purchase the latest license of the OS when we replaced the hardware, which varied between 3-7 years depending on the role and hardware warranty.

    As our VMs are increasing though, we are no longer forced to upgrade the OS licensing because the hardware replacement reason is gone. This is both good and bad. Good because now we’re not tied to our warranty schedule for a specific VM and can replace/upgrade at our convenience. But bad because I can foresee VMs running on an older OS “just because it ain’t broke” and never really going through the traditional replace/upgrade process because it is virtual.

    Since a defined time period is no longer forcing us to upgrade, SA will allow us to have the option to upgrade those legacy VMs at will without purchasing one off licenses here and there. Also managing licenses per cluster, rather than per server is a lot easier to track. Especially as the VMs start to scale up/out.

    Are they going to continue to release Hyper-V Server so that you get all the nice features of Windows 8 in a free package as well?

    Had a question about the Cold Backup reason though. This is only if you have a “cold” secondary server/cluster available right? This isn’t referring to offline VM backups that can be restored to a new cluster should your primary one get wiped out?

    • We haven’t been told anything about Hyper-V Server for the Windows 8 cycle so I’m assuming nothing. Remember, if you cluster it and use Live Migration, the rules of Live Migration still apply: a Std license, even if you “buy” it for a VM are actually assign to the host and can only be moved from one physical box to another (live migration) once every 90 days. MSFT is growing their auditing (SAM) partner base BIG TIME and they are not stupid. Trying to talk your way out of licensing rules DOES NOT WORK and you’ll end up paying a LOT of money for back dated licensing if you are caught – and you will be if you try because they are really doing a Santa Claus on it – they’re checking their lists, they’re checking them twice …

      • Yup, you must license the OS for the peak capacity of running VMs for each cluster host, not just the current running number of VMs on that host.

        What about the “cold” backup definition? Any clarification on that? VM backups don’t count as another OS license instance correct? So “cold” backup would mean a “cold” server/cluster?

        • Backup or backup replicas don’t require licensing. But replica VMs will require licensing.

          • Ahh OK got it now, you were referring to “replicas” of the VMs. I just re-read the MS definition you linked and it was confusing me because they used the term “offline backup”, which would seem to imply a traditional backup, not a replica. Thanks for that!

      • Oh and by “free”, I meant free to install, learn, test, cluster, and use. To actually create VMs on it, you can only with the proper OS licensing on top of Hyper-V Server of course.

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